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Policy Points from Iowa Fiscal Partners

Posts tagged census

Iowa Uninsured at 8 Percent in 2013

One of nation’s best rates leading up to ACA and Medicaid expansion

A greater percentage of Iowans had health insurance than in most other states leading up to the implementation of the new health care law, Census data showed Tuesday.

Data from the Census’ American Community Survey showed 248,000 Iowans, or 8.1 percent, were uninsured in 2013, down from 254,000, or 8.4 percent, in 2012. The change was not statistically significant, as it was within the margin of error.

Only three other states and the District of Columbia had lower percentages of people who identified themselves as uninsured.

“As good as the Iowa numbers look in comparison to other states, we still had a quarter of a million people without insurance heading up to implementation of the Affordable Care Act,” noted Peter Fisher, research director of the nonpartisan Iowa Policy Project, which is part of the Iowa Fiscal Partnership.

“The Census report demonstrates a need for policies that provide access to health insurance such as ACA, or Obamacare, and Iowa’s Medicaid expansion. Both can be expected to have reduced the number of uninsured. It will be interesting next year to see how these numbers have changed after more people have enrolled.”

Fisher noted one reason for optimism of better numbers in the future is that the state with the lowest uninsurance rate is Massachusetts, which has had a state plan for a number of years. The uninsurance rate in Massachusetts was 3.7 percent in 2013.

“As the ACA is implemented and we have a public policy response to the problem of uninsurance, you have to wonder if we’ll approach the Massachusetts number,” Fisher said.

Besides Massachusetts, only Hawaii and Washington, D.C., at 6.7 percent and Vermont at 7.2 percent had lower rates than Iowa. Minnesota at 8.2 percent was about the same as Iowa’s 8.1 percent, as both had a 0.3 percentage-point margin of error.

In the region, Iowa and Minnesota were well ahead of neighboring states, with uninsurance in Wisconsin at 9.1 percent and all others in double digits: Nebraska and South Dakota both at 11.3 percent, Kansas at 12.3 percent, Illinois at 12.7 percent, and Missouri 13 percent.

The Iowa Fiscal Partnership is a joint public policy analysis initiative of two nonpartisan, nonprofit organizations — the Iowa Policy Project in Iowa City and the Child & Family Policy Center in Des Moines. Reports are at www.iowafiscal.org.

IFP News: Income Down, Poverty Up Since ’07

Iowans in slow recovery from Great Recession

PDF of this release

IOWA CITY, Iowa — More Iowans remained in poverty three years after the recession, new data from the Census Bureau showed Thursday.

The American Community Survey (ACS) indicated 12.7 percent of Iowans — about 377,500 people — were in poverty in 2012, up from 11 percent in 2007, the year the last recession started.

“These are the signs we have been seeing across the board in our research,” said David Osterberg, founding director of the Iowa Policy Project, part of the Iowa Fiscal Partnership. “Whether you’re looking at jobs, or income, or poverty, or food insecurity, we simply have not caught up with where we were before the Great Recession.”

Other key points for Iowa from the release of 2012 ACS data:

•       Iowa’s poverty rate of 12.7 percent compared with 11 percent in 2007 and 9.7 percent in 2001. The change from 2011 — a drop of 0.1 of a percentage point — was not statistically significant.

•       Child poverty was 15.6 percent in 2012 (about 110,200 children), up from 13.1 percent in 2007 and 12 percent in 2001.

•       Median income was $50,957 in 2012, changing little from 2001 in inflation-adjusted dollars, but it dropped from $52,371 in 2007.

“Public policy needs to give people the tools to lift themselves out of poverty, and at the same time boost the economy,” said Charles Bruner, executive director of the Child & Family Policy Center, also part of the Iowa Fiscal Partnership. “We have those kinds of tools in place — such as SNAP, or Food Stamps — but many of those same tools are under assault in Congress.”

In the U.S. House, lawmakers Thursday debated legislation that would cut SNAP benefits to an estimated 3.8 million beneficiaries.

“Look at these numbers today,” Osterberg said. “How can we see over 100,000 kids in Iowa in poverty and not realize this is a problem that needs to be addressed?”

Reports from the Iowa Fiscal Partnership are at www.iowafiscal.org.

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Note: A simple comparison of the Current Population Survey and the American Community Survey is available at http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/about/datasources/factsheet.html.